Any plastic laminate having a decorative layer on at least one side is referred to as a decorative laminate. Decorative laminates account for the vast majority of commercial plastic laminates produced each year. The earliest plastic laminates were made from phenolic resin impregnated paper. These laminates are brownish black and have little aesthetic appeal. Attempts to decorate one side of a laminate using a paper-impregnated paper impregnated with sulfur-formaldehyde resin indicate that the decorative laminate has several development potentials. However, sulfur resin is not very satisfactory in terms of its function. Because the user not only seeks to decorate the appearance, but also pay attention to the surface protection performance.
When the melamine-formaldehyde resins were commercialized in 1938, they provided the improved properties required for laminates. It is a pity that they have encountered the difficult development period of buying trisamine before the Second World War. The laminate industry began to develop decorative laminates using this resin until the end of the war.
Decorative laminates were originally used to replace linoleum linoleum and painted woodwork on kitchen countertops. At this time, the melamine decorative surface features a clear advantage, and it is easy to clean, making it a favorite for housewives. As the quality of wood grain progresses, decorative laminates turn to furniture manufacturing, replacing natural wood. Its excellent surface and consistent appearance are its great advantages here. Thereafter, the decorative laminate squats into every room of the average family. They also enter the business and business world, such as countertops, book desktops, facades, and more.
As decorative laminates begin to expand, their aesthetic quality becomes more and more important. Arts and crafts, photography, gravure cylinder preparation and printing are receiving increasing attention and control. The texture of the surface has also become an important consideration. High-gloss replicas of mirror-polished polished plates must be “softened” to resemble natural wood 0. This is achieved by pumice sanding and the use of various anti-adhesive polishing papers. For particularly deep simulated natural slate, fabric, or weathered wood embossing, a special surface polished plate is used. In order to meet the various needs of the market, decorative laminates must have a production line with hundreds of different surface patterns.
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